Multi-Actor Innovation in Child-Friendly City Policy

  • Handam Handam Governmental Science, Muhammadiyah University of Makassar, Indonesia
  • Randi Akbar Governmental Science, Muhammadiyah University of Makassar, Indonesia
Keywords: Multi-Actor Innovation, Policy, Child-Friendly City


This article describes the policy of a Child-Friendly City, Actors, and agency and presents the Multi-Actor Innovation point of view that colors the child-friendly city policy. The Child-Friendly Regency/City Policy places a child-friendly city as a prerequisite to ensure that children grow and develop properly, have their rights protected, and their physical and psychological needs are met. Apart from being supported by the Ministry of Women's Empowerment and Child Protection, APSAI is also supported by child protection organizations, such as UNICEF, Save The Children. Various actors who are interested in contributing to a child-friendly city can participate. Multi-Actor Innovation can only occur if the collaboration that is established provides space for each actor who has different roles to be given the freedom to innovate based on their respective roles. The aim of the Multi-Actor Innovation is to offer better social learning analysis by integrating insights from sustainability science and social learning science traditions.


Astuti, M. (2015). Implementasi Kebijakan Kesejahteraan dan Perlindungan Anak. Sosio Konsepsia, 4(1), 215-235.
Avelino, F., & Wittmayer, J. M. (2016). Shifting power relations in sustainability transitions: a multi-actor perspective. Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, 18(5), 628-649.
Bache, I., Bartle, I., & Flinders, M. (2016). Multi-level governance. In Handbook on theories of governance. Edward Elgar Publishing.
Beers, P. J., Sol, A. J., & Wals, A. E. J. (2010). Social learning in a multi-actor innovation context. 9th European IFSA Symposium, 4-7 July 2009.
Dewi, S. M. (2011). Transformasi Kudus sebagai Kota Layak Anak: Tinjauan atas Pemenuhan Hak Sipil dan Partisipasi. Muwazah, 3(1), 398-410.
Duadji, N., & Tresiana, N. (2018). Kota Layak Anak Berbasis Collaborative Governance. Sawwa: Jurnal Studi Gender, 13(1), 1-22.
Durrant, R. A. (2014). Civil society roles in transition: towards sustainable food? (PhD thesis). University of Sussex, UK.
Farla, J., Markard, J., Raven, R., & Coenen, L. (2012). Sustainability transitions in the making: A closer look at actors, strategies and resources. Technological forecasting and social change, 79(6), 991-998.
Flanagan, K., Uyarra, E., & Laranja, M. (2011). The ‘policy mix’for innovation: rethinking innovation policy in a multi-level, multi-actor context. Research Policy, 40(5), 702-713.
Geels, F. W. (2011). The multi-level perspective on sustainability transitions: Responses to seven criticisms. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 1(1), 24–40.
Grin, J. (2010). Understanding transitions from a governance perspective. Transitions to sustainable development: New directions in the study of long term transformative change, 221-319.
Hay, C., (1999). 'Crisis and the structural transformation of the state: interrogating the process of change' British Journal of Politics and International Relations 1(3): 317-344.
Howlett, M (2005) "What is a policy instrument? Policy tools, policy mixes, and policyimplementation styles" in Eliadis P, Hill M and Howlett M (eds), Designing Government: from instruments to Governance. McGill-Queens University Press, Montreal.
Howlett, M., & Ramesh, M. (2003). Come studiare le politiche pubbliche. Lingua: Italiano
Jørgensen, U. (2012).Mapping and navigating transitions – The multi-level perspective compared with arenas of development. Research Policy, 41(6), 996–1010.
Pesch, U. (2014). Sustainable development and institutional boundaries. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences, 11(1), 39–54.
Rachaju, R. (2017). Konsumerisme Dalam Perspektif Human Development. DIALEKTIKA, 4(1).
Scharpf, F. W. (2018). Games real actors play: Actor-centered institutionalism in policy research. Routledge.
Subiyakto, R. (2012). Membangun kota layak anak: Studi kebijakan publik di era otonomi daerah. Sosio Religia, 10(1), 49-71.
Veldkamp, A., Van Altvorst, A. C., Eweg, R., Jacobsen, E., Van Kleef, A., Van Latesteijn, H., & Van Trijp, J. C. M. (2009). Triggering transitions towards sustainable development of the Dutch agricultural sector: TransForum’s approach. Agronomy for sustainable development, 29(1), 87-96.
How to Cite
Handam, H., & Akbar, R. (2020). Multi-Actor Innovation in Child-Friendly City Policy. Journal La Bisecoman, 1(3), 32-37.